In order to help students easily systematize the knowledge and content of the works in the program of Literature 7, we compiled the best article Mind map The night scene is easy to remember, the best with full content. such as general understanding of the work, author, layout, analytical outline, sample essay analysis, …. Hope through Mind Map Night Scene will help students understand the basic content of the lesson. Late night scene.
A. Mind Map Late night scene
B. Read the article Late Night Scenes
– Ho Chi Minh (1890 – 1969) was born in Kim Lien commune, Nam Dan district, Nghe An province.
– Ho Chi Minh is the great leader of the nation and the Vietnamese Revolution.
– Ho Chi Minh is a great national poet and a world cultural celebrity
– Composition career: Ho Chi Minh composed many genres, leaving a large volume of works.
II. General study of works
1. Genre: Seven Great Words
2. Composing Circumstances
The first years of the resistance war against the French colonialists (1946 – 1954). At the end of 1947, the French army massively attacked the Viet Bac, in order to destroy the main force and the headquarters leading the resistance war. The Viet Bac campaign of our army and people failed the enemy’s intentions, destroying many of their forces. The poem Night Scene was written by Ho Chi Minh during his nights living in the mountains of Viet Bac to lead the campaign.
3. Layout: 2 parts
– Part 1: (first 2 sentences): Natural scenery, mountains and forests of Viet Bac in the moonlit night.
– Part 2: (last 2 sentences): Image of a poet in a moonlit night with reflections.
4. Content Value
The poem describes the scene of the bright moon in the Viet Bac war zone during the early years of the resistance war against the French colonialists, thereby expressing the love of nature, the sensitive soul, the deep patriotism and the cavalier demeanor. Uncle Ho’s optimism.
5. Artistic value
– Use natural, simple and close poetic words and images.
– Language is simple, clear, not flowery, fussy.
– Using rhetorical methods such as comparison, alliteration… achieve high artistic efficiency.
III. Outline to analyze the work
1. The first two sentences: Natural scenery, mountains and forests of Viet Bac in the moonlit night.
– Scenery of the mountains and forests of Viet Bac in the moonlit night:
+ Images: moon, flowers, ancient trees
+ Sound: stream sound
→ The images and sounds are close and true in the mountains and forests.
– Artistic measures:
+ Comparative measures: the sound of the stream – the sound of singing: beautiful, sacred and echoing from afar.
+ Allegory: the word “cage” is repeated twice in the same 7-word verse – strongly increasing the interlacing, overlapping, and indistinguishable overflow of moonlight and things. Making the surrounding scenery become entwined and difficult to separate.
+ The method of using “darkness” to describe “light” – a familiar art trick of Tang Thi’s works: using the shadow of ancient trees to evoke the full light of the moon (only when Only when the moon is bright can the shadow of an ancient tree be clearly seen) – depicting a bright moonlit night in the forest.
+ The method of breaking through – a unique and familiar artistic technique of medieval poetry and literature: taking the typical to evoke a large scene: the poet only uses images of ancient trees, the sound of streams, and shadows. tree – has depicted a moonlit night in the vast mountains and forests.
+ Rhetorical measures to transform feelings:
Stream sound: word for sound – perceived by hearing.
in: word for feature – perceived by sight.
→ Sound is inherently colorless, shapeless – cannot determine whether it is clear or opaque. The poet used his soul to listen, in tune with the sound of forest streams.
→ The late night scene of the Viet Bac war zone with four brushstrokes: stream, moon, ancient tree, flower – typical images in Duong Thi’s works evoked the soul of the mountains and forests on a night of autumn more than 50 years later. before. The late night scene has a classic beauty. It represents a noble soul, a relaxed demeanor, an abundant and harmonious love of nature of the poet Ho Chi Minh during the arduous resistance war.
2. Pictures of poets on a moonlit night with reflections:
– The human image appears and becomes the center of the poem. The author uses artistic measures in a subtle way:
+ Comparative rhetoric: the late night scene is like a painting, which can be understood in two meanings:
- The scenery of the forest on the moonlit night is as beautiful as a picture.
- Late night scene with people contemplating, not moving – always as still as a painting.
+ Measure of alliteration: the word “not sleeping” at the end of the third sentence is repeated at the beginning of the fourth sentence: emphasizing the state of man – still awake even though it is late at night. At the same time, the cyclical alliteration method also evokes the prolongation, continuity, and repetition of the lyrical character’s restless sleepless action.
– The two words “not sleeping” are the restlessness, the mood. “Haven’t slept” because “the late night scene is like painting” has led the poet’s soul into the dreamland of moon-sleeping and nature-intoxication. “Not sleeping” is also because of a deeper concern because “worry about the country”.
→ The last two sentences of the song The Late Night scene described Uncle Ho’s love for nature and deep water in an idyllic way. Here the poet’s soul was in harmony with the ideal of a soldier as Uncle Ho said: “A day when the Fatherland has not been unified, and the compatriots are still suffering, is a day when I cannot eat well, cannot sleep well”.
The moon is one of the images close to humans, symbolizing the harmonious beauty of nature and creation. Therefore, moonlight has become a familiar poetic material that evokes the artist’s endless inspiration and becomes a soulmate, fully expressing the voice of the lyrical character. The poem “Late scene” by author Ho Chi Minh is one of the typical examples that clearly shows this. The work has successfully recreated a poetic natural picture and clearly depicts the beauty of the soul of a lyrical character through the spirit of revolutionary optimism and a secret but very deep love for the people and the land. water.
The poem was born in the midst of our nation’s tough and fierce resistance war against the French: in 1947. On the Viet Bac war zone, after hours of fatigue, in the night landscape of the mountains and forests, he returned to his senses. moving before the quiet night scene. The first thing Uncle felt in the unspoiled nature was the murmuring stream flowing with the flow:
The sound of the stream is as clear as a distant song
Uncle’s comparison is strange! The sound of the stream was originally felt by hearing, but listening to the stream, he felt the clarity of the flow. That stream must be very sweet and cool, it must be a special gift that the nature of the mountains and forests bestows specifically for soldiers on the long, tired marching road. Not only that, the sound of the stream is like a distant singing. Singing far away is a very special sound. It must be a very high voice to have a strong spread, so that people can still feel it from afar. It is also a song that resounds in a moment of silence because otherwise, it would be mixed with so many complex sounds of life, could people still feel it from afar? What is interesting in Uncle Ho’s verse is that a sound of nature is compared with human singing. That shows the profound humanistic inspiration in Uncle Ho’s poems.
Then perhaps, this is a rare quiet of the mountain nature at night time. Nature is quiet but also the human soul is quiet, serenely immersed in the beauty of nature. How charming is nature at that moment:
Moon cage ancient tree shadow flower cage
Two words nested together in a verse create very special impressions. Cage is a verb that refers to things that fit inside a perfect fit to form a whole. The charming verse is like a charming picture: the immense moonlight shines on the old tree, the shadow of the old tree gently covers the flower branches. Uncle used the word cage very expensively, it became the self-label for the verse. With just that one word, the scenery seems to be in harmony, depending on each other in a charming and lovely way. Reading the verse, we feel like we are lost in a fairyland, enjoying the magical lines and lights that the nature of Viet Bac draws and we also have the feeling that the sound of the stream is also soaring, entwined with the image of the Moon. ancient cages, flower cages. Scenes in Uncle Ho’s poetry are so close to each other!
By the last two sentences, the night scene of the Viet Bac forest is both confirmed as picturesque and evokes many emotions of the sightseers:
The night scene is like a painting, the person who hasn’t slept,
Not sleep, worrying that country.
For a sensitive soul with poetic style, our Uncle Ho affirmed that the night scene of the Viet Bac forest is as beautiful as a picture. Before such a beautiful scene, he was so drunk that he forgot to sleep. Because, love the natural beauty, the country to the point of not being able to sleep. But Uncle Ho’s poetic soul continued to stir. The two words that haven’t slept not only summarize the three lines of poetry, express the poet’s heart with beautiful scenery, but also reveal a new level of emotions. Not being able to sleep is quoted and led by a line of poetry, an unexpected emotional line, deepening the emotions of the whole poem: Not sleeping because of worries about the country. The message of not sleeping is like a hinge that opens and closes the two sides of a person’s mood: the more passionately he loves the Viet Bac scene, the more he is awake thinking and worrying about the cause of the resistance war, about the country, people work so much. These two moods are unified in Uncle Ho, showing the harmony of the poetic style and the soldier’s personality of the national hero. So, even if he temporarily let his heart focus on the surrounding scenery, Uncle Ho’s soul always devoted himself to the country, the country. And as the poet Minh Hue said:
Uncle sat there tonight
I don’t sleep tonight
For a common reason
Uncle is Ho Chi Minh
Perhaps, anyone who has been to Viet Bac once will feel the poem more fully. But whether we go there or not, Night Scene still helps us visualize the Viet Bac landscape and understand the heart of the beloved Uncle during the early years of the arduous resistance war. The poem is a great success both in terms of art and content and will definitely leave a mark in each of us about the pure beauty of Viet Bac nature and the great heart of the leader of the nation. ta.
V. Some comments on the work
1. Contact the stream in the verses:
Con Son stream murmured
I hear it like a harp in my ear.
(Con Son Ca – Nguyen Trai)
There is also a time to play where miles away
The sound of the stream can be heard murmuring the back of the pass.
(Crying Duong Khue – Nguyen Khuyen)
2. Associate the image of the moon – flowers with the verses:
Flowers in the moon, the moon in one sheet
Moon flower cage, flowers bloom each flower.
Moon flower moon flower coincides
In front of flowers under the moon in my heart!
3. People listening to stream music, silently watching the moon, now emerge, from the deep bottom of the scene at night, of many thoughts. A lyrical character, but not entirely the author, our Uncle Ho. The word person has the meaning of vanity, who is the opposite of the moon, the ancient tree, and the flower. Or rather, Uncle Ho objectified people so that they could blend in with the landscape. People not only listen and watch silently, but also in the stream, far away with the singing, together in silence with the moon and flowers, and in the deep silence with the late night scene. In that scene, the sound of the stream is the wake-up point, the shadow is the wake-up point, so people who haven’t slept are with you.
However, the verse cuts in the middle, the touching position between the late night scene and the sleeping person has been shown, but not to contrast people with the scene that is as profoundly integrated as just seen, but to highlight the taste. human mind: this person, whether enjoying like this late here, or facing the daily storms of this year 1947 or anywhere else, still insists on “working day-to-day and leisurely”. So this is not sleeping and not sleeping twice, not not sleeping, not even not being able to sleep. People are active and completely at ease.
(According to Le Tri Vien, Coming to good poetry, Education Publishing House, 1997)
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